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Redoute de Gravelle

The redoute de Gravelle is a fort in Joinville-le-Pont, situated to the south-east of Vincennes in Paris. Built under Louis-Philippe, from 1968 it housed the Ecole nationale de police de Paris, before becoming an illegal immigrants detention cent ...


Sub-Saharan African community of Paris

The Paris metropolitan area has a community of origins from Sub-Saharan Africa. There were 54.000 persons of African nationalities, excluding Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, according to the 2009 French census. Countries of origin in sub-Saharan A ...


History of Rome (disambiguation)

The History of Rome or Roman History usually refers to either The history of the city of Rome in present-day Italy. History of the Roman Empire, sometimes inclusive of the History of the Byzantine Empire. History of the Roman Republic. The histor ...


History of Sarajevo

This article is about the history of Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is part of the "History of Sarajevo" series, and includes separate articles for each of the discussed periods of time.


Battle of Seoul

The five battles of the Korean War fought in and around the city of Seoul are known as the Battle of Seoul: Third Battle of Seoul – The Chinese Peoples Volunteer Army capture of Seoul in January 1951. Second Battle of Seoul – United Nations force ...



Changuimun is one of the Eight Gates of Seoul in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon Dynasty. The gate is also known as Buksomun, and Jahamun.



Donuimun was one of the Eight Gates of Seoul in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon Dynasty. The gates historical location is also known as Seodaemun.



Gwanghuimun is one of The Eight Gates of Seoul in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon Dynasty. The gate is also known as Namsomun. It was originally called Sugumun "Water Channel Gate."



Hyehwamun is one of the Eight Gates of Seoul in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon Dynasty. The gate is also known as Dongsomun.



Souimun was one of the Eight Gates of Seoul in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon Dynasty. The gate was also known as Seosomun. The gate no longer exists, and there is a marker placed roughly where th ...


History of Sofia

The history of Sofia, Bulgarias capital and largest city, spans thousands of years from Antiquity to modern times, during which the city has been a commercial, industrial, cultural and economic centre in its region and the Balkans.


History of Taipei

The recorded history of Taipei began with the Han Chinese settling of the Taipei Basin in 1709, leading up to the formation of the national capital of Taiwan and high-tech industry hub and that is now Taipei City. Other notable dates include the ...


History of Tbilisi

The history of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, dates back to at least the 5th century AD. Since its foundation by the monarch of Georgias ancient precursor Kingdom of Iberia, Tbilisi has been an important cultural, political and economic center ...


History of Tehran


History of Tokyo

The history of Tokyo shows the growth of Japans largest urban center. The eastern part of Tokyo occupies land in the Kantō region that together with the modern-day Saitama Prefecture, the city of Kawasaki and the eastern part of Yokohama make up ...


History of Vilnius

The city of Vilnius, the capital and largest city of Lithuania, has undergone a diverse history since it was first settled in the Stone Age. Originally the head of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, ...


Vilna Military District (Russian Empire)

Vilna Military District was a military district of the Imperial Russian Army. The district was formed in 1862 as part of Russian military reforms and was responsible for parts of modern Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland. The district was dis ...


History of Warsaw

The history of Warsaw spans over 1400 years. In that time, the city evolved from a cluster of villages to the capital of a major European power, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - and, under the patronage of its kings, a center of enlightenment ...


History of the Royal Castle in Warsaw

The Royal Castle in Warsaw was a seat of the Sejm and Senate of the first Rzeczpospolita and also an official residence of the monarchs in Warsaw. It contained the offices of a number of political institutions, arranged around a central courtyard ...


History of Acapulco


History of Aguascalientes City


History of Campeche City


History of Chihuahua City


History of Guanajuato City


History of Ciudad Juarez


History of Merida, Yucatan


History of Puebla City


History of Tetouan

The history of Tetouan stretches over 2000 years to its origins as a Mauretanian Berber settlement named Tamuda, located at near present-day Tetouan by the south bank of the Martil Valley. The site later became a Phoenician trading post. During t ...


History of New Plymouth

The city of New Plymouth, New Zealand, has a history that includes a lengthy occupation and residence by Maori, the arrival of white traders and settlers in the 19th century and warfare that resulted when the demands of the two cultures clashed. ...


Coxs Army


Muhammad ibn Utayfah

Muhammad ibn Utayfah ibn Muhammad Abī Numayy al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca in partnership with his cousin Sanad ibn Rumaythah from 1359 to 1360.


Sanad ibn Rumaythah

Sanad ibn Rumaythah ibn Muhammad Abī Numayy al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca in partnership with his cousin Muhammad ibn Utayfah from 1359 to 1360.


Abd al-Muin ibn Musaid

Abd al-Muīn ibn Musāid ibn Saīd was a sharif of the Zayd clan who briefly served as Sharif and Emir of Mecca on two occasions – first in January 1788, and second during April–July 1803. He succeeded to the Emirate in January 1788 after the death ...


Ahmad ibn Ajlan

Shihāb al-Dīn Abū Sulaymān Ahmad ibn Ajlān ibn Rumaythah al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca from 1361 to 1386. Ahmad was born about 740 p. 1339 Ah, the son of Ajlan Ibn Rumaythah. He served as Deputy for his father during their joint reign with Thaqabah ...


Ajlan ibn Rumaythah

Izz al-Dīn Abū Sarī Ajlān ibn Rumaythah ibn Muhammad Abī Numayy al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca from 1344 and 1372, with interruptions.


Ghanim ibn Rajih

Ghānim ibn Rājih ibn Qatādah ibn Idrīs al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca for part of 1254. He assumed the Emirate in Rabi al-Awwal 652 AH after deposing his father Rajih without resistance. He reigned until Shawwal when he was defeated by Idris ibn Qat ...


Ibrahim ibn Hasan ibn Ajlan

Sayf al-Dīn Ibrāhīm ibn Hasan ibn Ajlān al-Hasanī was co-Emir of Mecca from 1421 to 1423 alongside his father Hasan ibn Ajlan and his brother Barakat ibn Hasan. On 12 Rabi al-Awwal Ah 824 S. March 17, 1421, Sharif Hassan received orders from the ...


Jammaz ibn Hasan

Jammaz sought the assistance of an-Nasir Yusuf, the Ayyubid Sultan of Damascus, against his cousin Abu Sad al-Hasan, the Emir of Mecca. Supported by Syrian troops Jammaz entered Mecca in Ramadan 651 AH October/November 1253 and deposed and killed ...


Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ajlan

Jamāl al-Dīn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ajlān al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca in partnership with his father Ahmad ibn Ajlan from 1378/1379 to 1386, then independently for a few months in 1386. 780 Ah 1378 / 1379 Ajlan Ibn Ahmad made his son Muhammad cor ...


Qasim ibn Abi Hashim

Abū Muhammad Qāsim ibn Abī Hāshim Muhammad al-Hasanī al-Alawī was the second Emir of Mecca from the sharifian dynasty of the Hawashim. He succeeded his father Abu Hashim after the latters death in 487 AH AH. He died in 1123 or 1124, as Ibn Fahd w ...


Sad ibn Zayd

Sad ibn Zayd ibn Muhsin was Sharif and Emir of Mecca from 1666 to 1672, 1692 to 1694, 1694 to 1702, and briefly in 1704.


Thaqabah ibn Rumaythah

Asad al-Dīn Abū Shihāb Thaqabah ibn Rumaythah ibn Muhammad Abī Numayy al-Hasanī was Emir of Mecca six times between 1344 and 1361.


History of the Habsburg Monarchy in Hungary


Captaincies of the Kingdom of Hungary

The Captaincies of the Kingdom of Hungary were administrative divisions, military districts in the 16th and 17th centuries. The Ottoman Empire meant a constant threat to the kingdom therefore the Habsburg Hungarian kings needed to establish a wel ...


Paddan Aram

Paddan Aram or Padan-aram was an early Aramean kingdom in Mesopotamia. Paddan Aram in Aramaic means the field of Aram. The name may correspond to the Hebrew" sedeh Aram,” or" field of Aram.”


Kalapana, Hawaii

Kalapana is a town and a region in the Puna District on the Island of Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands. The town was the original location of the Star of the Sea Painted Church. In 1990, lava flows from Kūpaianahā Kilauea vent destroyed and partly ...


LGBT history in Hawaii

In Hawaii, the LGBT laws have been evolving for the past hundred years. In the pre-19th century, the influence of Polynesian culture led to a more open-minded state. After the first Christian missionaries began arriving in Hawaii, strict sodomy l ...


Historiographer Royal (Denmark)

Kongelig historiograf was a position in the kingdom of Denmark-Norway between 1594 and 1883. The parallel office in Sweden was established in 1618, in England in 1660 and in Scotland in 1681. The office was originally created in order to develop ...


German Peoples Congress

The German Peoples Congress was an initiative of the SED and the participation of the bloc parties at the London Conference of Allied Foreign Ministers in November and December 1947. Delegates from all over Germany gathered for the first time on ...



The poliudie was the process of gathering tribute by the rulers of Kievan Rus from vassal East Slavic tribes. In the poliudie was described in De Administrando of Imperio by Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus. In winter, the ruler of K ...

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