Blog page 328




                                               

John Ioubes

John Ioubes was a Byzantine official in the middle of the 10th century at Chalcedon. He is known from the hagiography of St. Luke the Stylite. According to it, his pregnant wife was in pain for 22 days but could not give birth, until they called ...

                                               

John Mystikos

John Mystikos was a Byzantine official, who served as the chief minister of the empire in the early reign of Romanos I Lekapenos. After being suspected of designs on the throne, he was deposed and sent to exile in a monastery. He eventually recov ...

                                               

John the Rhaiktor

John the Rhaiktor was a Byzantine official, who served as the chief minister of the empire in the early reign of Romanos I Lekapenos. Facing accusations, he left his office and retired to a monastery, but remained a confidante of the emperor, for ...

                                               

Demetrios Doukas Kabasilas

Demetrios Doukas Kabasilas was a senior Byzantine official and magnate of the second half of the 14th century. He was a supporter of John VI Kantakouzenos during the Byzantine civil war of 1341–47, and forced to flee from Thessalonica in 1342, wh ...

                                               

Constantine Maniakes

Maniakes was probably descended from a noble Armenian family. He came to the Byzantine court in the reign of Emperor Theophilos r. 829–842, as a member of a delegation from the Armenian princes, and was left in the Byzantine capital, Constantinop ...

                                               

Maximinus (diplomat)

Maximinus was a 5th-century East Roman official, serving as ambassador to Attila the Hun and as a senior minister at Constantinople. Maximinus was lieutenant of Ardaburius in the Roman–Persian war in 422. In 448, Theodosius II r. 408–450 sent him ...

                                               

Niketas Ooryphas

Niketas Oryphas or Ooryphas was a distinguished Byzantine official, patrikios, and admiral under the Byzantine emperors Michael III and Basil I the Macedonian, who achieved several naval victories against the Cretan Saracen raiders.

                                               

Stephen (son of Kalomaria)

The magistros Stephen was a relative of Empress Theodora and a high-ranking courtier in the Byzantine court of the late 9th and early 10th centuries.

                                               

Michael Stryphnos

Michael Stryphnos was a high-ranking Byzantine official under the Angeloi emperors. Stryphnos is first attested in 1192 as sebastos and the head of the vestiarion the imperial treasury, under Emperor Isaac II Angelos reigned 1185–1195. Stryphnos ...

                                               

Sylvester Syropoulos

Sylvester Syropoulos was a Byzantine official, the grand ecclesiarch of the Hagia Sophia and the dikaiophylax of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. He was a native of Constantinople. Syropoulos was a member of the Byzantine delegation to the Cou ...

                                               

Theophanes (chamberlain)

Theophanes was a Byzantine palace official and the chief adviser of Emperor Romanos Lekapenos during most of his reign. He was also an active and able diplomat, and led the naval defense of Constantinople against the Rus invasion of 941.

                                               

Constantine Tornikios

Constantine Tornikes or Tornikios was one of the most senior officials during the reign of the Byzantine emperor Alexios III Angelos. He was a descendant of the prominent Tornikios clan, of Armenian or Georgian origin. His father, Demetrios Torni ...

                                               

Valerius (consul 432)

Valerius was born in Athens, son of the pagan and sophist philosopher Leontius, and brother of Gessius and Athenais. In 421 Athenais changed her name to Aelia Eudocia and married the Emperor Theodosius II; as result, Valerius and Gessius received ...

                                               

Subdivisions of the Byzantine Empire

The East Roman or Byzantine Empire had a developed administrative system, which can be divided into three major periods: the late Roman/early Byzantine, which was a continuation and evolution of the system begun by the emperors Diocletian and Con ...

                                               

Kommata

Kommata was a historical region and administrative unit of the Byzantine Empire in southern Galatia, in modern Turkey.

                                               

Abydikos

Abydikos was a Byzantine official charged with overseeing maritime traffic. The term most likely derives from the city of Abydos on the Hellespont, and evidently originally referred to an official responsible for overseeing maritime traffic throu ...

                                               

Basilikoi anthropoi

The term basilikoi anthropoi appears in Byzantine documents of the 9th–10th centuries and has two distinct meanings: as a generic term, it is used by the manuals on court ceremony like the Kletorologion of 899 to indicate the highest-ranking impe ...

                                               

Phylarch

A phylarch is a Greek title meaning "ruler of a tribe", from phyle, "tribe" + archein "to rule". In Classical Athens, a phylarch was the elected commander of the cavalry provided by each of the citys ten tribes. In the later Roman Empire of the 4 ...

                                               

List of presidents of Czechoslovakia

The President of Czechoslovakia was the head of state of Czechoslovakia, from the creation of the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 until the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic in 1992. In periods when the presidency was va ...

                                               

Ibn Mulhim

Makīn al-Dawla al-Hasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Mulhim ibn Dīnār al-ʿUqaylī was a Fatimid general who led the Fatimid reconquest of Ifriqiya and expeditions in Syria. He served as the governor of Aleppo in 1058–1060 and military governor of Jund al-Urdunn i ...

                                               

Abul-Futuh al-Hasan ibn Jafar

Abul-Futuh al-Hasan ibn Jafar was the Sharif of Mecca for the Fatimid Caliphate from 994/5 until 1038/9. He was also briefly proclaimed as an anti-Caliph in a rebellion against the Fatimid Caliphate in Palestine in 1012/3. Abu al-Futuh succeeded ...

                                               

Jafar ibn Muhammad al-Hasani

Jafar ibn Muhammad ibn Husayn al-Hasani was Sharif of Mecca from the late 960s to the early 970s, and the first Emir belonging to the Musawid dynasty. He was a Hasanid, descendant of the ninth generation from Hasan ibn Ali. According to Ibn Khald ...

                                               

Tahir ibn Muslim

Tahir ibn Muslim was the first Husaynid emir, or sharif, of Medina. He was the son of Abu Jafar Muslim, a descendant in the ninth generation of Husayn ibn Ali. Abu Jafar had migrated to Egypt from Medina, where the Husaynid line was prominent, an ...

                                               

Zurayids

The Zurayids, were a Yamite Hamdani dynasty based in Yemen in the time between 1083 and 1174. The centre of its power was Aden. The Zurayids suffered the same fate as the Hamdanid sultans, the Sulaymanids and the Mahdids, since their lands were t ...

                                               

Standesamt Kolmar

Standesamt Kolmar was a civil registration district located in Kreis Kolmar, province of Posen of the German Empire and administered the communities of: Kol S = Kolmar town; Kol L = Kolmar rural area; Usc = Usch Population data may be inaccurate ...

                                               

German Emperor

The German Emperor was the official title of the head of state and hereditary ruler of the German Empire. A specifically chosen term, it was introduced with the 1 January 1871 constitution and lasted until the official abdication of Wilhelm II on ...

                                               

List of Knights Cross of the Iron Cross recipients of the Waffen-SS

The Knights Cross of the Iron Cross and its variants were the highest award in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany. During World War II, 457 servicemen of the Waffen-SS, including volunteers and conscripts from Belgium, Croatia, ...

                                               

List of Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords or Diamonds recipients of the Waffen-SS

The Knights Cross of the Iron Cross and its variants were the highest award in the military of the Third Reich. During or shortly after World War II, 457 German servicemen of the Waffen-SS, including volunteers from Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, Est ...

                                               

1st SS-Standarte

The unit was formed on 1 August 1928. It was reorganized from previous Schutzstaffel SS units, known as SS-Gaus. Based in Munich, the 1st SS Standarte was charged with protection of top Nazi Party leaders, including Adolf Hitler. Its first comman ...

                                               

3rd Estonian SS Volunteer Brigade

The 3rd Estonian SS Volunteer Brigade was a formation of the German Waffen-SS during World War II. It was formed in May 1943, when the Estonian SS Legion was upgraded. The first name chosen for the brigade was the Estonian SS Volunteer Brigade, u ...

                                               

6th SS-Standarte

The 6th SS-Standarte was a regimental command of the Allgemeine-SS situated in the city of Berlin. As the command was located in the capital of Germany, the 6th Standarte was considered one of the more important SS units in Nazi Germany. The memb ...

                                               

11th SS-Standarte

The 11th SS-Standarte was a large regimental formation of the Allgemeine-SS and the principal mustering SS unit in Austria. First formed in 1932, the Standarte was headquartered in Vienna and during its first years of existence served as a base f ...

                                               

17th SS-Standarte

The 17th SS-Standarte was a regimental formation of the Allgemeine-SS first founded in 1931. The unit was one of the early SS formations in Germany, and was first headquartered in the city of Harburg-Wilhelmsburg. The original commander of the 17 ...

                                               

18th SS-Standarte

The 18th SS-Standarte was a regimental formation of the Allgemeine-SS located in the city of Koningsberg. The Standarte was one of the earlier General-SS formations and had been founded in 1932, a year before Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party came ...

                                               

23rd SS-Standarte

The 23rd SS-Standarte was a regimental formation of the Allgemeine-SS located in the region of Silesia. Due to its geographical location, the 23rd SS-Standarte is best known for existing as a General-SS counterpart command for Waffen-SS and SS-TV ...

                                               

Allach (porcelain)

Allach porcelain a.k.a. Porzellan Manufaktur Allach was produced in Germany between 1935 and 1945. After its first year of operation, the enterprise was run by the SS with forced labor provided by the Dachau concentration camp. The emphasis was o ...

                                               

Allgemeine SS

The Allgemeine SS was a major branch of the Schutzstaffel paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany, and it was managed by the SS Main Office. The Allgemeine SS was officially established in the autumn of 1934 to distinguish its members from the SS-Ver ...

                                               

Anton Loibl GmbH

Anton Loibl GmbH was a company owned by the SS which was a funding source for the Ahnenerbe research branch and the Lebensborn eugenics programme. It was created to market a bicycle reflector invented by Anton Loibl, a chauffeur for Hitler. It em ...

                                               

Arajs Kommando

The Arajs Kommando, led by SS commander and Nazi collaborator Viktors Arājs, was a unit of Latvian Auxiliary Police subordinated to the German Sicherheitsdienst. It was a notorious killing unit during the Holocaust.

                                               

Aunt Annas

Aunt Annas was an inn in Merano, a town in northern Italy, that was often used as a safe house and stop for SS members, Nazi perpetrators, and war criminals making their escape during the years immediately following the end of the Second World Wa ...

                                               

Austrian SS

The Austrian SS was that portion of the Schutzstaffel membership from Austria. The term and title was used unofficially. They were never officially recognized as a separate branch of the SS. Austrian SS members were seen as regular personnel and ...

                                               

Degen (SS)

The SS-Ehrendegen, also SS-Degen, was a straight sabre or sword, especially of the dress sword worn with a Schutzstaffel uniform from 1935-1945. First introduced in 1935, it was designed by Professor Karl Diebitsch, an SS-Oberfuhrer, who was also ...

                                               

Einsatzgruppe Egypt

Einsatzgruppe Egypt was an SS unit led by SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer Walther Rauff, which was formed in occupied Greece during World War II. According to historians Klaus-Michael Mallmann and Martin Cuppers, based on archival research, the units purp ...

                                               

SS Fuhrungshauptamt

The SS-Fuhrungshauptamt was the operational headquarters of the SS. It was responsible for the administration of SS-Junkerschulen SS-Junker Schools, medical services, logistics, and rates of pay. It was also the administrative and operational hea ...

                                               

First SS-Abschnitt

The First SS-Abschnitt was a brigade formation of the Allgemeine-SS and the first such unit ever established in the SS. The First Abschnitt was originally known as the SS-Brigaden 1 and was founded due to an expansion of the SS between 1929 and 1 ...

                                               

Germanische Leitstelle

During World War II, Germanische Leitstelle was a department of the SS-Hauptamt under the command of Obergruppenfuhrer Gottlob Berger. It oversaw the recruitment and propaganda offices for the Waffen SS in Oslo, Copenhagen, Brussels and The Hague.

                                               

Kriminalpolizei

Kriminalpolizei, "criminal police") is the standard term for the criminal investigation agency within the police forces of Germany, Austria and the German-speaking cantons of Switzerland. In Nazi Germany, the Kripo was the criminal police departm ...

                                               

Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler order of battle

The Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler was founded in September 1933 as Adolf Hitlers personal bodyguard formation. It was given the title Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler in November, 1933. On 13 April 1934, by order of Himmler, the regiment became known a ...

                                               

Police forces of Nazi Germany

There were three police forces in the Third Reich under the Chef der Deutschen Polizei und Reichsfuhrer-SS Heinrich Himmler: Ordnungspolizei orpo "regular police" Sicherheitsdienst SD "security service" Sicherheitspolizei Sipo "security police" I ...

                                               

Schutzpolizei (Nazi Germany)

The Schutzpolizei des Reiches was the State protection police of Nazi Germany, a branch of the Ordnungspolizei. Schutzpolizei is the German name for a uniformed police force. The Schutzpolizei des Reiches was the uniformed police of most cities a ...