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Eupithecia laoica

Eupithecia laoica is a moth in the family Geometridae that is endemic to Laos. The wingspan is about 17.5–20 mm 0.69–0.79 V. the Front and rear wings dark brown.


Gekko boehmei

Gekko boehmei, also known as Bohmes gecko, is a species of gecko. It is endemic to central Laos. For the African species called Bohmes gecko, see Tarentola boehmei


Giant huntsman spider

The giant huntsman spider, found in Laos, is a species of huntsman spider, a family of large, fast spiders that actively hunt down prey. It is considered the worlds largest spider by leg span, which can reach up to 1 ft.


Heteropoda dagmarae

Heteropoda dagmarae is a large species of spider in the Sparassidae family. This species is found in northern and central Laos. The spider is nocturnal and lives in forests. It hunts by ambushing its prey from shrubs, trees, and bamboo about two ...


Kizirians slender gecko

The average snout-to-vent length SVL of males of H. kiziriani is 37.5 mm 1.48 in. Females are slightly larger, with an average SVL of 38.6 mm 1.52 in.


Laotian giant flying squirrel

The Laotian giant flying squirrel is an arboreal, flying squirrel endemic to Laos. It was the second described member in the genus Biswamoyopterus, after being first collected in September 2012 by scientists researching the animal corpses in the ...


Tylototriton notialis

Tylototriton notialis, the Laos knobby newt, is a species of newt in the family Salamandridae. It is only known from its type locality in the Nakai-Nam Theun Biodiversity Conservation Area, Khammouane Province, central Laos. The type locality is ...


Maiestas dispar

Maiestas dispar is a species of leafhopper from the Cicadellidae family that is endemic to Liberia. The view was transferred from Recilia in Maiestas in 2009.


Agdistis desertorum

Agdistis desertorum is a moth of the family Pterophoridae. It is found in Libya. Wingspan is about 14 mm for males and females. Males are dark grey, and females are somewhat lighter. Adults were recorded in August.


Endemic birds of Madagascar and western Indian Ocean islands

This article is one of a series providing information about endemism among birds in the worlds various zoogeographic zones. For an overview of this subject see Endemism in birds.


Acraea mahela

Acraea mahela is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found on Madagascar. The habitat consists of transformed grasslands and anthropogenic environments.


Acraea zitja

Acraea zitja is a butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found on Madagascar. The habitat consists of forest margins, grassland and anthropogenic environments.



Astacoides is a genus of freshwater crayfish endemic to Madagascar. The first specimens were brought to Europe in 1839, and seven species are now recognised, most of which are considered as threatened on the IUCN Red List. They are large and slow ...


Augusta glyphica

Augusta glyphica is the only species in the monotypic spider genus Augusta, which is endemic to Madagascar. The genus name is taken from the Latin word augusta, the feminine form of augustus, meaning "venerable".


Barbours day gecko

Barbours day gecko is a species of lizard in the family Gekkonidae. The species is endemic to central Madagascar. It is diurnal and typically dwells on rocks. Barbours day gecko feeds on insects and nectar. For the species from Tanzania, see Barb ...



This genus is monophyletic. Little is known regarding phylogenetic interrelationships of the numerous populations of Bedotia of eastern Madagascar, and the genus is in need of systematic revision. One author synonymized B. longianalis and B. tric ...



The Bedotiinae are a subfamily of the family Melanotaeniidae, known as the Madagascar rainbowfish, Madagascan rainbowfish, or Malagasy rainbowfish due to their endemism to Madagascar. It includes two genera, Bedotia and Rheocles.



Blommersia is a genus of frogs in the mantellid subfamily Mantellinae. This genus is restricted to Madagascar. At present it contains 11 species. It was formerly a subgenus of the genus Mantidactylus but was elevated to genus-level in 2006.


Brookesia confidens

Brookesia confidens, also known as the leaf chameleon, is one of the worlds smallest species of chameleons. It is endemic to the Ankarana Nature Reserve in Madagascar. It was first described in 2012 by F. Glaw, J. Koehler, T.M. Townsend and M. Ve ...


Darwins bark spider

Darwins bark spider is an orb-weaver spider that produces the largest known orb webs, ranging from 900 to 28.000 square centimetres, with bridge lines spanning up to 25 metres. The spider was discovered in Madagascar in the Andasibe-Mantadia Nati ...


Calumma boettgeri

Calumma boettgeri, commonly known as Boettgers chameleon or the blue-nosed chameleon, is a chameleon species endemic to northern Madagascar, and common in the forests of Nosy Be.


Chalarodon steinkampi

Chalarodon steinkampi is a species of Malagasy terrestrial iguanian lizards. It was recognised as a new species in 2015, which is probably microendemic to a small area in south eastern Madagascar.


Brown leaf chameleon

The brown leaf chameleon or stump-tailed chameleon is a small chameleon found along the eastern coast of Madagascar, as well as the island of Nosy Boraha. Its appearance mimics that of a dead leaf. The taxonomy is in need of revision.



Couas are large, mostly terrestrial birds of the cuckoo family, endemic to the island of Madagascar. Resembles African Tanzania when walking along tree branches, they are also brightly coloured bare skin around the eyes. Some resemble coucals in ...



Ctenocheloides is a genus of ghost shrimp in the family Callianassidae, containing the single species Ctenocheloides attenboroughi. It was described in 2010, and named in honour of the British natural history broadcaster Sir David Attenborough. I ...



Encyocrates is a spider genus in the family Theraphosidae with the sole species Encyocrates raffrayi, native to Madagascar. The genus and species were described in 1892 by Eugene Simon.



As of April 2019 it contains twenty species, all found on Madagascar: Eriauchenius harveyi Wood & Scharff, 2018 – Madagascar. Eriauchenius lukemacaulayi Wood & Scharff, 2018 – Madagascar. Eriauchenius ranavalona Wood & Scharff, 2018 – Madagascar. ...


Eriauchenius gracilicollis

Eriauchenius gracilicollis is a member of the family Archaeidae, assassin spiders. It is merely 2mm long and catches other spiders with venomous fangs at the end of its hugely elongated jaws. These animals usually run upside down.


Furcifer monoceras

Furcifer monoceras is a species of chameleon endemic to Madagascar. It is only known from one holotype specimen from Betsako, east of Mahajanga. Long considered conspecific with the rhinoceros chameleon, a 2018 study of minor details of its morph ...


Furcifer verrucosus

Furcifer verrucosus, also known as the warty chameleon, spiny chameleon or crocodile chameleon, is a species of small reptile endemic to Madagascar. It was first described by Georges Cuvier in 1829.


Geckolepis megalepis

Geckolepis megalepis is a species of gecko found in the limestone karst formations of northern Madagascar. It is the first addition to the Geckolepis genus since 1942. This species of gecko has the largest scales of any known gecko and can detach ...


Giraffe weevil

The giraffe weevil is a weevil endemic to Madagascar. It derives its name from an extended neck, much like that of a giraffe. The giraffe weevil is sexually dimorphic, with the neck of the male typically being 2 to 3 times the length of that of t ...


Globe-horned chameleon

The globe-horned chameleon or flat-casqued chameleon is a large species of chameleon endemic to isolated pockets of humid primary forest in eastern and south eastern Madagascar. It is listed on CITES Appendix II, meaning trade in this species is ...


Ground roller

The ground rollers are a small family of non-migratory near-passerine birds restricted to Madagascar. They are related to the kingfishers, bee-eaters and rollers. They most resemble the latter group, and are sometimes considered a sub-family of t ...



Guibemantis is a frog genus in the mantellid subfamily Mantellinae. This genus is restricted to Madagascar. At present it contains 16 species divided into two subgenera.


Gymnogramma candidella

Gymnogramma candidella is a moth of the family Lacturidae. It was described in 1963 by French entomologist Pierre Viette and is only known from Madagascar. This species has a wingspan of 32-37 mm.; Antennae yellowish-grey. Head, palpi, thorax, an ...


Hypsopygia ambrensis

Hypsopygia ambrensis is a species of snout moth in the genus Hypsopygia. It was described by Patrice J.A. Leraut in 2006 and is known from Madagascar.


Hypsopygia nossibealis

Hypsopygia nossibealis is a species of snout moth in the genus Hypsopygia. It was described by Patrice J.A. Leraut in 2006 and is known from Madagascar.



Macopaeus is a genus of jumping spiders endemic to Madagascar. It contains only one species, Macopaeus spinosus. Two other species were described in this genus in the early 20th century. However, these were transferred to the genus Brettus in 1980.


Madagascar day gecko

Madagascar day gecko is a diurnal species of gecko. It lives on the eastern coast of Madagascar and typically inhabits rainforests and dwells on trees. The Madagascar day gecko feeds on insects, fruit and nectar.


Madagascarophis lolo

Madagascarophis lolo is a species of snakes endemic to Madagascar. It is colloquially referred to as ghost snake. It was found in a lime rock formation.



Malagidris jugum Bolton & Fisher, 2014. Malagidris sofina Bolton & Fisher, 2014. Malagidris galokoa Bolton & Fisher, 2014. Malagidris alperti Bolton & Fisher, 2014. Malagidris dulcis Bolton & Fisher, 2014. Malagidris belti Forel, 1895.



There are two recognized species: Matoatoa brevipes Mocquard, 1900. Matoatoa spannringi Nussbaum, Raxworthy & Pronk, 1998. Nota bene: a binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was described in a genus other than Matoatoa.


Neromia picticosta

Neromia picticosta is a moth of the family Geometridae first described by Louis Beethoven Prout in 1913. It is found in Madagascar. It has a wingspan of 22 mm. Wings pale bluish-green, irrorated sprinkled with white. Face dark red, thorax and abd ...


Nosy Komba ground boa

The Nosy Komba ground boa is a non-venomous boa species endemic to the island of Madagascar. It is brownish in colour and is found on the western side of the island. It was considered conspecific with the Madagascar tree boa.


Oplurus quadrimaculatus

Oplurus quadrimaculatus, the Dumerils Madagascar Swift or Madagascar spotted spiny-tailed iguana, is a terrestrial malagasy iguana belonging to the family Opluridae.



All species of Pseudoacontias are large, fossorial skinks, measuring at least 200 mm 7.9 in snout–vent length. They lack limbs or have greatly reduced limbs.


Pygora beetle

The pygora beetles or flower beetles are scarab beetles of the genus Pygora. They are native to Madagascar. Types include: Pygora cowani Waterhouse, 1878. Pygora tristis Janson, 1925. Pygora hirsuta Waterhouse, 1879. Pygora perrieri Fairmaire, 18 ...



Rheocles is a genus of Madagascar rainbowfish. Rheocles has a restricted distribution, being found only in certain forested freshwater habitats in the central and eastern highlands of Madagascar including the Nosivolo River. The genus appears to ...



Queens are known for R. admixta, R. diminuta, R. notorthotenes, R. peregrina, and R. shuckardi, plus two unassociated forms. Alate when virgin, considerably larger than the worker. Males are known only for R. notorthotenes and R. peregrina. About ...

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