Blog page 399



                                               

Problem solving

Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods in an orderly manner to find solutions to problems. Some of the problem-solving techniques developed and used in philosophy, artificial intelligence, computer science, engineering, mathe ...

                                               

Problem-based learning

Problem-based learning is a student-centered pedagogy in which students learn about a subject through the experience of solving an open-ended problem found in trigger material. The PBL process does not focus on problem solving with a defined solu ...

                                               

Project-based learning

Project-based learning is a student-centered pedagogy that involves a dynamic classroom approach in which it is believed that students acquire a deeper knowledge through active exploration of real-world challenges and problems. Students learn abo ...

                                               

Psychology of education

The relationship between intelligence and education is one that scientists have been studying for years. It is correct to say that higher level of education leads to greater level of intelligence and also true the other way around, however, it do ...

                                               

Psychopedagogy

Psychopedagogy is a combination of two main branches of study, pedagogy and psychology. Some of the most influential authors in this field are Jean Piaget, David Ausubel, Jerome Bruner and Lev Vygotsky. Important contributions have also been made ...

                                               

Rapid automatized naming

Rapid automatized naming is a task that measures how quickly individuals can name aloud objects, pictures, colors, or symbols. Variations in rapid automatized naming time in children provide a strong predictor of their later ability to read, and ...

                                               

Rasch model

The Rasch model, named after Georg Rasch, is a psychometric model for analyzing categorical data, such as answers to questions on a reading assessment or questionnaire responses, as a function of the trade-off between the respondents abilities, a ...

                                               

Reading

Reading is the complex cognitive process of decoding symbols to derive meaning. It is a form of language processing. Success in this process is measured as reading comprehension. Reading is a means for language acquisition, communication, and sha ...

                                               

Reading disability

A reading disability is a condition in which a sufferer displays difficulty reading. Examples of reading disabilities include: developmental dyslexia, alexia, and hyperlexia.

                                               

Reading motivation

Reading motivation is the motivational drive to read, an area of interest in the field of education. Studying and implementing the conditions under which students are motivated to read is important in the process of teaching and fostering learnin ...

                                               

Reading Recovery

Reading Recovery is a school-based, short-term intervention designed for English speaking children aged five or six, who are the lowest achieving in literacy after their first year of school. For instance, a child who is unable to read the simple ...

                                               

Recitation

In academia, recitation is a presentation made by a student to demonstrate knowledge of a subject or to provide instruction to others. In some academic institutions the term is used for a presentation by a teaching assistant or instructor, under ...

                                               

Reflective practice

Reflective practice is the ability to reflect on ones actions so as to engage in a process of continuous learning. According to one definition it involves "paying critical attention to the practical values and theories which inform everyday actio ...

                                               

Rehearsal (educational psychology)

Rehearsal in educational psychology refers to the "cognitive process in which information is repeated over and over as a possible way of learning and remembering it". There are two types of memory rehearsal. The first type is called maintenance r ...

                                               

School psychology

School psychology is a field that applies principles of educational psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, community psychology, and applied behavior analysis to meet childrens and adolescents behavioral health and learning ne ...

                                               

Seductive details

Seductive details are often used in textbooks, lectures, slideshows, and other forms of educational content to make a course more interesting or interactive. Seductive details can take the form of text, photos, illustrations, sounds or music and ...

                                               

Self-concept

Ones self-concept is a collection of beliefs about oneself. Generally, self-concept embodies the answer to "Who am I?". Self-concept is distinguishable from self-awareness, which refers to the extent to which self-knowledge is defined, consistent ...

                                               

Self-regulated learning

Self-regulated learning is one of the domains of self-regulation, and is aligned most closely with educational aims. Broadly speaking, it refers to learning that is guided by metacognition, strategic action, and motivation to learn. "Self-regulat ...

                                               

Shuhari

Shuhari is a Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery. It is sometimes applied to other disciplines, such as Go.

                                               

Situated cognition

Situated cognition is a theory that posits that knowing is inseparable from doing by arguing that all knowledge is situated in activity bound to social, cultural and physical contexts. Under this assumption, which requires an epistemological shif ...

                                               

Situated learning

Situated learning is a theory that explains an individuals acquisition of professional skills and includes research on apprenticeship into how legitimate peripheral participation leads to membership in a community of practice. Situated learning " ...

                                               

Six Thinking Hats

Six Thinking Hats was written by Dr. Edward de Bono. "Six Thinking Hats" and the associated idea parallel thinking provide a means for groups to plan thinking processes in a detailed and cohesive way, and in doing so to think together more effect ...

                                               

Sluggish cognitive tempo

Sluggish cognitive tempo is a syndrome related to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder but distinct from it. Typical symptoms include prominent dreaminess, mental fogginess, hypoactivity, sluggishness, staring frequently, inconsistent alertne ...

                                               

Socratic questioning

Socratic questioning was named after Socrates. He utilized an educational method that focused on discovering answers by asking questions from his students. According to Plato, one of his students, Socrates believed that "the disciplined practice ...

                                               

Spacing effect

The spacing effect demonstrates that learning is more effective when study sessions are spaced out. This effect shows that more information is encoded into long-term memory by spaced study sessions, that is known as spaced presentation, than by " ...

                                               

Spatial–temporal reasoning

Spatial–temporal reasoning is an area of artificial intelligence which draws from the fields of computer science, cognitive science, and cognitive psychology. The theoretic goal - on the cognitive side - involves representing and reasoning spatia ...

                                               

Split attention effect

The split-attention effect is a learning effect inherent within some poorly designed instructional materials. It is apparent when the same modality is used for various types of information within the same display. To learn from these materials, l ...

                                               

Storyline method

The Storyline method is a pedagogical strategy for "active learning," mainly used in primary schools in Scotland, the United States, Scandinavia and the Netherlands. The system can be adapted for use in adult education as well. It was pioneered b ...

                                               

Strozzi Institute

Strozzi Institute is an organization located in Oakland, California that offers coaching services and trainings in leadership, organizational development, and personal mastery. It uses a somatic approach to learning. Programs are offered primaril ...

                                               

Structure of observed learning outcome

The structure of observed learning outcomes taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students understanding of subjects. It was proposed by John B. Biggs and Kevin F. Collis.

                                               

Structure of the disciplines

The rise of geopolitical difference after World War II gave birth to a desire to achieve high levels of rigor in academic pursuits. A systematic approach to developing models of inquiry in the fields of study forced educational institutions to en ...

                                               

Student engagement

Student engagement occurs when "students make a psychological investment in learning. They try hard to learn what school offers. They take pride not simply in earning the formal indicators of success, but in understanding the material and incorpo ...

                                               

Subgoal labeling

Subgoal labeling is giving a name to a group of steps, in a step-by-step description of a process, to explain how the group of steps achieve a related subgoal. This concept is used in the fields of cognitive science and educational psychology. Lo ...

                                               

Subvocal recognition

A set of electrodes are attached to the skin of the throat and, without opening the mouth or uttering a sound, the words are recognized by a computer. Subvocal speech recognition deals with electromyograms that are different for each speaker. The ...

                                               

Subvocalization

Subvocalization, or silent speech, is the internal speech typically made when reading; it provides the sound of the word as it is read. This is a natural process when reading, and it helps the mind to access meanings to comprehend and remember wh ...

                                               

Summative assessment

Summative assessment, summative evaluation, or assessment of learning refers to the assessment of participants where the focus is on the outcome of a program. This contrasts with formative assessment, which summarizes the participants development ...

                                               

Summer Enrichment Program (University of Colorado)

The Summer Enrichment Program is a summer camp for gifted and talented children entering grades 5 to 10, located at Center for the Education and Study of the Gifted, Talented, Creative at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley, Colorado. ...

                                               

Shinichi Suzuki (violinist)

Shinichi Suzuki was a Japanese musician, philosopher, and educator and the founder of the international Suzuki method of music education and developed a philosophy for educating people of all ages and abilities. Considered an influential pedagogu ...

                                               

Team-based learning

Team-based learning is a collaborative learning and teaching strategy that enables people to follow a structured process to enhance student engagement and the quality of student or trainee learning. The term and concept was first popularized by L ...

                                               

Test (assessment)

A test or examination is an assessment intended to measure a test-takers knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics. A test may be administered verbally, on paper, on a computer, or in a predetermined are ...

                                               

Test score

A test score is a piece of information, usually a number, that conveys the performance of an examinee on a test. One formal definition is that it is "a summary of the evidence contained in an examinees responses to the items of a test that are re ...

                                               

Testing effect

The testing effect is the finding that long-term memory is often increased when some of the learning period is devoted to retrieving the to-be-remembered information. The effect is also sometimes referred to as retrieval practice, practice testin ...

                                               

Theme-centered interaction

Theme-centered interaction is a concept and a method for working in groups. Its aim is social learning and development of the person. Since the nineteen fifties, TCI has been developed in the United States by the psychoanalyst and psychologist Ru ...

                                               

Thesis circle

A thesis circle involves a number of students and at least one professor, lecturer or instructor who collaborate in supervising and coaching final projects. This tool for supervising students working on their thesis, also known as "thesis rings", ...

                                               

Three-part lesson

A three-part lesson is an inquiry-based learning method used to teach mathematics in K–12 schools. The three-part lesson has been attributed to John A. Van de Walle, a mathematician at Virginia Commonwealth University.

                                               

Transfer of learning

Transfer of learning occurs when people apply information, strategies, and skills they have learned to a new situation or context. Transfer is not a discrete activity, but is rather an integral part of the learning process. Researchers attempt to ...

                                               

Transfer of training

Transfer of training refers to the effect that knowledge or abilities acquired in one area have on problem solving or knowledge acquisition in other areas. Transfer of training is based on the theory of transfer of learning. D H Holding says that ...

                                               

Transfer-appropriate processing

Transfer-appropriate processing, also referred to as TAP, is a type of state-dependent memory specifically showing that memory performance is not only determined by the depth of processing, but by the relationship between how information is initi ...

                                               

Triarchic theory of intelligence

The Triarchic Theory of Intelligence or Three Forms of Intelligence was formulated by Robert Sternberg, a prominent figure in research of human intelligence. The theory by itself was among the first to go against the psychometric approach to inte ...

                                               

Twice exceptional

The term twice exceptional, often abbreviated as 2e, entered educators lexicons in mid 1990s and refers to gifted children who have some form of disability. These children are considered exceptional both because of their giftedness and because of ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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