Blog page 795



                                               

Net reproduction rate

The net reproduction rate, R 0, is the average number of daughters that would be born to a female if she passed through her lifetime conforming to the age-specific fertility and mortality rates of a given year. This rate is similar to the gross r ...

                                               

Non-representational theory

Non-representational theory is a theory developed in human geography, largely through the work of Nigel Thrift, and his colleagues such as J.D. Dewsbury and Derek McCormack, and later by their respective graduate students. It challenges those usi ...

                                               

List of traditional territories of the indigenous peoples of North America

This list of traditional territories of the original peoples of North America gives an overview of the names of the indigenous "countries" of North America. In this sense, "country" refers to the name of the land.the ground.the territory of a nat ...

                                               

Ogilvie Professor of Human Geography

The Ogilvie Professor of Human Geography is the name for the occupant of the Ogilvie Chair of Geography at the University of Edinburgh. It is named in honour of Alan Grant Ogilvie FRSE, the first professor of their Department of Geography and an ...

                                               

Paper street

A paper street or paper road is a street or road that appears on maps but has not been built. Paper streets generally occur when city planners or subdivision developers lay out and dedicate streets that are never built. Commercial street maps bas ...

                                               

Participatory 3D modelling

Participatory 3D modelling is a community-based mapping method which integrates local spatial knowledge with data on elevation of the land and depth of the sea to produce stand-alone, scaled and geo-referenced relief models. Essentially based on ...

                                               

Participatory GIS

Participatory GIS is a participatory approach to spatial planning and spatial information and communications management. PGIS combines Participatory Learning and Action PLA methods with geographic information systems GIS. PGIS combines a range of ...

                                               

Population geography

Population geography is a division of human geography. It is the study of the ways in which spatial variations in the distribution, composition, migration, and growth of populations are related to the nature of places. Population geography involv ...

                                               

Psychogeography

Psychogeography is an exploration of urban environments that emphasizes playfulness and "drifting". It has links to the Letterist and Situationist Internationals, revolutionary groups influenced by Marxist and anarchist theory, as well as by the ...

                                               

Public participation geographic information system

A public participation geographic information system is meant to bring the academic practices of GIS and mapping to the local level in order to promote knowledge production by local and non-governmental groups. The idea behind PPGIS is empowermen ...

                                               

Human settlement

In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surr ...

                                               

Settlement geography

Settlement geography is a branch of human geography that investigates the earths surfaces part settled by humans. According to the United Nations Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements, "human settlements means the totality of the human commu ...

                                               

Social map

The first social maps date from the early 20th century. A recent example is the mapping of the residences of U.S. Facebook users and their social links. In marketing a social map is a visualized analysis of a digital identity of a person, brand o ...

                                               

Spatial epidemiology

Spatial epidemiology is a subfield of health geography focused on the study of the spatial distribution of health outcomes. Specifically, spatial epidemiology is concerned with the description and examination of disease and its geographic variati ...

                                               

Spring line settlement

Spring line settlements occur where a ridge of permeable rock lies over impermeable rock, resulting in a line of springs along the contact between the two layers. Spring line settlements will sometimes form around these springs, becoming villages ...

                                               

State/Space theory

State/Space theory constitutes a new branch of social and political geography in which the issues of space as a geographic element are considered for their influence on political relationships and outcomes. Leading scholars include Neil Brenner a ...

                                               

Strategic geography

Strategic geography is concerned with the control of, or access to, spatial areas that affect the security and prosperity of nations. Spatial areas that concern strategic geography change with human needs and development. This field is a subset o ...

                                               

Sub-replacement fertility

Sub-replacement fertility is a total fertility rate that leads to each new generation being less populous than the older, previous one in a given area. In developed countries sub-replacement fertility is any rate below approximately 2.1 children ...

                                               

Sustainable land management

Sustainable land management refers to practices and technologies that aim to integrate the management of land, water, biodiversity, and other environmental resources to meet human needs while ensuring the long-term sustainability of ecosystem ser ...

                                               

Territorial entity

Established by physical acts, e.g. settlement, see List of uninhabited regions.

                                               

Threshold population

In microeconomics, a threshold population is the minimum number of people needed for a service to be worthwhile. In geography, a threshold population is the minimum number of people necessary before a particular good or service can be provided in ...

                                               

Geography of toll roads

The toll system Salik started in Dubai in July 2007.

                                               

Tourism geography

Tourism geography is the study of travel and tourism, as an industry and as a social and cultural activity. Tourism geography covers a wide range of interests including the environmental impact of tourism, the geographies of tourism and leisure e ...

                                               

Transport geography

Transport geography, also transportation geography, is a branch of geography that investigates the movement and connections between people, goods and information on the Earths surface.

                                               

Travel behavior

The questions studied in travel behavior are broad, and are probed through activity and time-use research studies, and surveys of travelers designed to reveal attitudes, behaviors and the gaps between them in relation to the sociological and envi ...

                                               

Tropical geography

Tropical geography refers to the study of places and people in the tropics. When it first emerged as a discipline, tropical geography was closely associated with imperialism and colonial expansion of the European empires as contributing scholars ...

                                               

List of uninhabited regions

The list of uninhabited regions includes a number of places around the globe. The list changes year over year as human beings migrate into formerly uninhabited regions, or migrate out of formerly inhabited regions.

                                               

Universalism in geography

Universalism, in human geography, signals the position that ideas of development produced in Western social sciences hold for all times and places. Universalist thinking began in the Age of Enlightenment when philosophers decided on "truths" that ...

                                               

Urban refugee

An urban refugee is a refugee who decided or was obliged to settle in an urban area rather than in a refugee camp in the country or territory where the person fled to. More than 60% of the worlds refugee population and 80% of internally displaced ...

                                               

Urban social geography

Urban social geography is a sub-field within human geography, looking at the factors within an urban environment that affect human relationships on social, economic and political levels. Those human relationships then feed back into the factors w ...

                                               

Urban sprawl

Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl mainly refers to the unrestricted growth in many urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning. In addition to describing a particular ...

                                               

Geography and wealth

Geography and wealth have long been perceived as correlated attributes of nations. Scholars such as Jeffrey D. Sachs argue that geography has a key role in the development of a nations economic growth. For instance, nations that reside along coas ...

                                               

Geography of women's association football

The following article gives a list of Womens association football confederations, sub-confederations and associations around the world. For international competitions see the article International competitions in womens football.

                                               

Human science

Human science studies the philosophical, biological, social, and cultural aspects of human life. Human Science aims to expand our understanding of the human world through a broad interdisciplinary approach. It encompasses a wide range of fields - ...

                                               

International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies

The International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies is a non-governmental organization within UNESCO. It embraces hundreds of learned societies in the field of philosophy, human sciences and related subjects.

                                               

Immaterial labor

Immaterial labor is a Marxist, Autonomist framework to describe how value is produced from affective and cognitive activities, which, in various ways, are commodified in capitalist economies. The concept of immaterial labor was coined by Italian ...

                                               

Academy of Military Science (Russia)

Academy of Military Science is a Russian non-governmental research interregional public organization. Conducts basic and applied military research, and has headquarters in Moscow. Public organization "Academy of Military Sciences" was registered ...

                                               

Active duty

Active duty is a full-time occupation as part of a military force, as opposed to reserve duty. In the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations the equivalent term is active service.

                                               

Blockhouse

A blockhouse in military science is a small fortification, usually consisting of one or more rooms with loopholes, allowing its defenders to fire in various directions. It usually refers to an isolated fort in the form of a single building, servi ...

                                               

Body count

A body count is the total number of people killed in a particular event. In combat, a body count is often based on the number of confirmed kills, but occasionally only an estimate. Often used in reference to military combat, the term can also ref ...

                                               

Border outpost

A border outpost, border out post, border observation post or BOP is an outpost maintained by a sovereign state on its border, usually one of a series placed at regular intervals, to watch over and safeguard its border with a neighboring state wi ...

                                               

Campaign plan

Campaign plan is a plan to achieve an objective, usually of a large-scale over an extended period of time. It usually coordinates many activities and uses of resources involving multiple organizations. A campaign plan could also have subordinate ...

                                               

Casualty estimation

Casualty estimation is the process of estimating the number of injuries or deaths in a battle or natural disaster that has already occurred. On the other, casualty prediction is the process of estimating the number of injuries or deaths that migh ...

                                               

Casualty prediction

Casualty prediction is the science of predicting the number of deaths or injuries that may result from an epidemic, natural disaster or act of war such as the explosion of a nuclear weapon, chemical weapon or biological weapon. The New York Unive ...

                                               

Chequered retreat

A Chequered retreat, is so called from the several component parts of a pre-mechanised line or battalion, which alternately retreat and face about in the presence of an enemy, exhibiting the figure of the chequered squares upon a chess board.

                                               

Chief of Naval Research

The Chief of Naval Research is the senior military officer in charge of scientific research in the United States Navy. The Chief of Naval Research has a rank of Rear Admiral, and is in charge of the Office of Naval Research. The Chief of Naval Re ...

                                               

Civil affairs

Civil Affairs is a term used by both the United Nations and by military institutions, but for different purposes in each case.

                                               

Civil-military operations

Civil-military operations or CMO are activities of a military force to minimize civil interference on and maximize civil support for military operations. CMO is conducted in conjunction with combat operations during wartime and becomes a central ...

                                               

Combat assessment

The objective of combat assessment is to identify recommendations for the course of military operations. The determination of the overall effectiveness of force employment during military operations. Combat assessment is composed of three major c ...

                                               

Combat effectiveness

Combat effectiveness is the capacity or performance of a military force to succeed in undertaking an operation, mission or objective. Determining optimal combat effectiveness is crucial in the armed forces, whether they are deployed on land, air ...

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