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Fairfield Materials Management Ltd

Fairfield Materials Management Ltd is a Manchester based social enterprise that operates a community waste management project at Manchester’s New Smithfield Market focused on minimising waste, and bringing social and environmental benefits to Gre ...

                                               

Garden waste dumping

Garden waste, or green waste dumping is the act of discarding or depositing garden waste somewhere it does not belong. Garden waste is the accumulated plant matter from gardening activities which involve cutting or removing vegetation, i.e. cutti ...

                                               

Hydrothermal liquefaction

Hydrothermal liquefaction is a thermal depolymerization process used to convert wet biomass into crude-like oil -sometimes referred to as bio-oil or biocrude- under moderate temperature and high pressure. The crude-like oil has high energy densit ...

                                               

In situ bioremediation

Bioremediation is the process of decontaminating polluted sites through the usage of either endogenous or external microorganism. In situ is a term utilized within a variety of fields meaning "on site" and refers to the location of an event. With ...

                                               

International POPs Elimination Network

The International Pollutants Elimination Network is a global network of NGOs dedicated to the common aim of eliminating pollutants, such as lead in paint, mercury and lead in the environment, persistent organic pollutants, endocrine disrupting ch ...

                                               

Landfill tax

A landfill tax or levy is a form of tax that is applied in some countries to increase the cost of landfill. The tax is typically levied in units of currency per unit of weight or volume. The tax is in addition to the overall cost of landfill and ...

                                               

Leachate

A leachate is any liquid that, in the course of passing through matter, extracts soluble or suspended solids, or any other component of the material through which it has passed. Leachate is a widely used term in the environmental sciences where i ...

                                               

Mechanical biological treatment

A mechanical biological treatment system is a type of waste processing facility that combines a sorting facility with a form of biological treatment such as composting or anaerobic digestion. MBT plants are designed to process mixed household was ...

                                               

Mesophile

A mesophile is an organism that grows best in moderate temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, with an optimum growth range from 20 to 45 °C. The term is mainly applied to microorganisms. Organisms that prefer extreme environments are known as ...

                                               

Methanogenesis

Methanogenesis or biomethanation is the formation of methane by microbes known as methanogens. Organisms capable of producing methane have been identified only from the domain Archaea, a group phylogenetically distinct from both eukaryotes and ba ...

                                               

Miniwaste

Miniwaste was a European project operated from January 2010 to December 2012, designed to "bring bio-waste back to life". In other words, it was intended to demonstrate that it is possible to significantly reduce the amount of bio-waste at a loca ...

                                               

3-Nitrooxypropanol

3-Nitrooxypropanol, abbreviated 3NOP, is an organic compound with the formula HOCH 2 CH 2 CH 2 ONO 2. It is the mononitrate ester of 1.3-propanediol. The compound is an inhibitor of the enzyme methyl coenzyme M reductase. MCR catalyzes the final ...

                                               

Persistent organic pollutant

Persistent organic pollutants, sometimes known as forever chemicals are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes. Because of their persistence, POPs bioaccumulate wit ...

                                               

Petersen matrix

The Petersen matrix is a comprehensive description of systems of biochemical reactions used to model reactors for pollution control as well as in environmental systems. It has got as many columns as the number of relevant involved components and ...

                                               

Photodegradation

Photodegradation is the alteration of materials by light. Typically, the term refers to the combined action of sunlight and air. Photodegradation is usually oxidation and hydrolysis. Often photodegradation is avoided, since it destroys paintings ...

                                               

Promession

Promession is an idea of how to dispose human remains by way of freeze drying. The concept of promession was developed by Swedish biologist Susanne Wiigh-Masak, who derived the name from the Italian word for "promise". She founded Promessa Organi ...

                                               

Pyrolysis

Pyrolysis is the thermal decomposition of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere. It involves a change of chemical composition. The word is coined from the Greek-derived elements pyro "fire" and lysis "separating". Pyrolysis is ...

                                               

Rotating biological contactor

A rotating biological contactor or RBC is a biological treatment process used in the treatment of wastewater following primary treatment. The primary treatment process means protection by removal of grit sand and coarse material through a screeni ...

                                               

Scottish Landfill Tax

Scottish Landfill Tax is a tax which is charged in Scotland under the Landfill Tax Act 2014. It replaced the UK Landfill Tax from 1 April 2015. Revenue Scotland administers and collects SLfT with support from the Scottish Environment Protection A ...

                                               

Source Separated Organics

Source Separated Organics is the system by which waste generators segregate compostable materials from other waste streams at the source for separate collection.

                                               

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is an international environmental treaty, signed in 2001 and effective from May 2004, that aims to eliminate or restrict the production and use of persistent organic pollutants.

                                               

Thermal hydrolysis

Thermal hydrolysis is a two-stage process combining high-pressure boiling of waste or sludge followed by a rapid decompression. This combined action sterilizes the sludge and makes it more biodegradable, which improves digestion performance. Ster ...

                                               

Thermophile

A thermophile is an organism - a type of extremophile - that thrives at relatively high temperatures, between 41 and 122 °C. Many thermophiles are archaea. Thermophilic eubacteria are suggested to have been among the earliest bacteria. Thermophil ...

                                               

Top-lit updraft gasifier

A top-lit updraft gasifier is a micro-kiln used to produce charcoal, especially biochar, and heat for cooking. A TLUD pyrolyzes organic material, including wood or manure, and uses a reburner to eliminate volatile byproducts of pyrolization. The ...

                                               

Vermicompost

Vermicompost is the product of the decomposition process using various species of worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms, to create a mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast. Vermic ...

                                               

Windrow composting

In agriculture, windrow composting is the production of compost by piling organic matter or biodegradable waste, such as animal manure and crop residues, in long rows. This method is suited to producing large volumes of compost. These rows are ge ...

                                               

Climate change mitigation

Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term global warming and its related effects. Climate change mitigation generally involves reductions in human emissions of greenhouse gases. Mitigation may also ...

                                               

Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention Technologies

The Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention Technologies was a conference developed by Margaret Leinen of the Climate Response Fund and chaired by Michael MacCracken of the Climate Institute. The conference took place in March 2 ...

                                               

Asparagopsis taxiformis

Asparagopsis taxiformis, formerly A. sanfordiana, is a species of red alga, with cosmopolitan distribution in tropical to warm temperate waters.

                                               

Billion Tree Tsunami

The Billion Tree Tsunami was launched in 2014, by the government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, as a response to the challenge of global warming. Pakistans Billion Tree Tsunami restores 350.000 hectares of forests and degraded land to surpass i ...

                                               

Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage

Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage is the process of extracting bioenergy from biomass and capturing and storing the carbon, thereby removing it from the atmosphere. The carbon in the biomass comes from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide w ...

                                               

Bonn Challenge

The Bonn Challenge is a global effort to restore 150 million hectares of the worlds degraded and deforested lands by 2020. It was hosted and launched by Germany and the International Union for Conservation of Nature in Bonn on 2 September 2011, i ...

                                               

Program on Energy Efficiency in Artisanal Brick Kilns in Latin America to Mitigate Climate Change

The Program on Energy Efficiency in Artisanal Brick Kilns in Latin America to Mitigate Climate Change is a program of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation which is implemented by Swiss contact in conjunction with its partners in nine ...

                                               

Cap and Share

Cap and Share was originally developed by Feasta and is a regulatory and economic framework for controlling the use of fossil fuels in relation to climate stabilisation. Accepting that climate change is a global problem and that there is a need t ...

                                               

Carbon capture and utilization

Carbon capture and utilization is the process of capturing carbon dioxide to be recycled for further usage. Carbon capture and utilization may offer a response to the global challenge of significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions from major ...

                                               

Carbon-neutral fuel

Carbon-neutral fuel is energy fuel or energy systems which have no net greenhouse gas emissions or carbon footprint. One class is synthetic fuel produced from renewable, sustainable or nuclear energy used to hydrogenate carbon dioxide directly ca ...

                                               

Carbon process management

Carbon Process Management is a management process which promotes environmental effectiveness in organizations. It is designed to maximize efficiencies in the consumption of resources that contribute to climate change. When implemented effectively ...

                                               

Carbon sequestration

Carbon sequestration or carbon dioxide removal is the long-term removal, capture or sequestration of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to slow or reverse atmospheric CO2 pollution and to mitigate or reverse global warming. Carbon dioxide CO 2 is ...

                                               

CarbonFix Standard

The CarbonFix Standard is an initiative supported by over 60 organisations promotes the development of climate forestation projects to sequester carbon from the atmosphere. The CarbonFix Standard is administered by CarbonFix, a non-profit associa ...

                                               

Carfree city

A car-free city or carfree city is a population center that relies primarily on public transport, walking, or cycling for transport within the urban area. Carfree cities greatly reduce petroleum dependency, air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions ...

                                               

Clean Development Mechanism

The Clean Development Mechanism is one of the Flexible Mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol that provides for emissions reduction projects which generate Certified Emission Reduction units which may be traded in emissions trading schemes. The ...

                                               

Climate Change and Emissions Management Amendment Act

The Climate Change and Emissions Management Amendment Act of the Canadian province of Alberta was the first law of its type to impose greenhouse gas cuts on large industrial facilities. Starting from July 1, 2007, Alberta facilities that emit mor ...

                                               

Climate change mitigation scenarios

Climate change mitigation scenarios are possible futures in which global warming is reduced by deliberate actions, such as a comprehensive switch to energy sources other than fossil fuels. These are actions that minimize emissions so atmospheric ...

                                               

Climate crisis

Climate crisis is a term describing global warming and climate change, and their consequences. The term has been used to describe the threat of global warming to the planet, and to urge aggressive climate change mitigation. For example, a January ...

                                               

Climate resilience

Climate resilience can be generally defined as the capacity for a socio-ecological system to: absorb stresses and maintain function in the face of external stresses imposed upon it by climate change and adapt, reorganize, and evolve into more des ...

                                               

Climate-friendly gardening

Climate-friendly gardening is gardening in ways which reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from gardens and encourage the absorption of carbon dioxide by soils and plants in order to aid the reduction of global warming. To be a climate-friendly g ...

                                               

Climit

CLIMIT - Programme for Power Generation with Carbon Capture and Storage. The programme is managed by Gassnova in cooperation with the Research Council of Norway. Responsibilities have been divided: whereas the Research Council of Norway is in cha ...

                                               

Co-benefits of climate change mitigation

Co-benefits of climate change mitigation as defined in the 4th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change are the positive benefits related to the reduction of greenhouse gases. Examples of such climate mitigation policies ...

                                               

Criegee intermediate

A Criegee intermediate is a molecule containing the oxide of a carbonyl group. These chemicals may react with sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides in the earths atmosphere, and are implicated in the formation of aerosols, which are an important fac ...

                                               

Dichloromethane

Dichloromethane is an organochloride compound with the formula CH 2 Cl 2. This colorless, volatile liquid with a moderately sweet aroma is widely used as a solvent. Although it is not miscible with water, it is polar, and miscible with many organ ...

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