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American League

The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League, is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League, a minor league based in the Great Lakes states, which eventually aspired to major league status. It is sometimes called the Junior Circuit because it claimed Major League status for the 1901 season, 25 years after the formation of the National League. At the end of every season, the American League champion plays in the World Series against the National League champion; two seasons did not end in playing a World Series. Through 2019, American League teams have won 66 of the 116 World Series played since 1903, with 27 of those coming from the New York Yankees alone. The New York Yankees have won 40 American League titles, the most in the leagues history, followed by the Philadelphia/Kansas City/Oakland Athletics 15 and the Boston Red Sox 14.


National League

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, and the worlds oldest current professional team sports league. Founded on February 2, 1876, to replace the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players of 1871–1875, the NL is sometimes called the Senior Circuit, in contrast to MLBs other league, the American League, which was founded 25 years later and is called the "Junior Circuit". Both leagues currently have 15 teams. After two years of conflict in a "baseball war" of 1901–1902, the two eight-team leagues agreed in a "peace pact" to recognize each other as "major leagues", draft rules regarding player contracts, prohibiting "raiding", regulating relationships with minor leagues and lower level clubs, and with each establishing a team in the nations largest metropolis of New York City, and the league champions of 1903 arranged to compete against each other in the new professional baseball championship tournament with the inaugural "World Series" that Fall of 1903, succeeding earlier similar national series in previous decades since the 1880s. After the 1904 champions failed to reach a similar agreement, the two leagues also formalized the new World Series tournament beginning in 1905 as an arrangement between the leagues themselves. National League teams have won 49 of the 115 World Series championships contested from 1903 to 2019.


Bassin Peel station

Bassin Peel station is a planned Reseau express metropolitain station in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is planned to be operated by CDPQ Infra and serve as a station on the South Shore branch of the REM. The station was planned to be elevated, however, recent reports have suggested that the station will be below grade and passing under the St Lawrence River in an attempt to allow for future development on the surface. Speculation was that the Peel Basin will serve as the future site for an MLB baseball stadium in an attempt to bring the Expos back to Montreal. On February 12, 2019, the Montreal-based group whose goal is to bring an MLB team back to Montreal, lead by Stephen Bronfman, registered Pierre Boivin, the former president of the Montreal Canadiens, as a lobbyist to negotiate the sale of the Peel Basin to build a stadium. The land is currently under the control of the Canada Land Company, a Federal Crown Corporation. The station will be located near the Peel Basin of the Lachine Canal, and right next to the burgeoning Griffintown area.


Giants–Yankees rivalry

The Giants–Yankees rivalry is a Major League Baseball rivalry between the San Francisco Giants of the National League and the New York Yankees of the American League. It was particularly intense when both teams not only inhabited New York City but also, for a time, the same ball park. During that era the opportunities for them to meet could only have been in a World Series. Both teams kicked off the first Subway Series between the two leagues in 1921.


Historic Dodgertown

Historic Dodgertown is a multi-sport facility in Vero Beach, Florida where athletes of all ages and skill levels have the opportunity to train, play, and stay together. The facility which includes the historic Holman Stadium was originally created as a Navy housing base, and was transformed into the home of Spring Training for the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team. It has since evolved into a multi-sport destination that includes an option of room and board via their on-site villas.


Major League Baseball Scouting Bureau

The Major League Baseball Scouting Bureau is a centralized scouting resource that operates under the auspices of the Office of the Commissioner of Baseball. Headquartered in Ontario, California, the MLBSBs efforts supplement the independent, proprietary amateur and professional scouting operations of the 30 Major League Baseball clubs. In 2012, the MLBSB employed 34 full-time and 13 part-time scouts in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. In 2010, it announced plans to expand its activities beyond Puerto Rico to other countries in Latin America. According to, the MLBSBs scouts "provide information on amateur prospects as a part of its mission to support the efforts of MLB clubs in the First-Year Player Draft. The MLBSB also provides professional scouting services, including the collection of video footage of players throughout the professional ranks, both domestically and internationally." It maintains an eligibility file on amateur players - many of them teenagers - and holds 35 tryout camps each June in its countries of operation. The current MLBSB was founded in 1974 by outgoing Milwaukee Brewers general manager Jim Wilson, and became part of the commissioners office in 1985. However, its roots date to the founding by Major League owners of the Central Scouting Bureau in 1968, a period of time when many big league clubs were down-sizing their scouting departments. The CSBs first director was Jim Fanning, former farm and scouting director of the Atlanta Braves. In August 1968, Fanning resigned after seven months with the CSB to become general manager of the expansion Montreal Expos. From 1998–2014, the MLBSB was supervised by director, and then senior director, Frank Marcos. He announced his departure from the bureau in October 2014. He was succeeded by former Major League executive Bill Bavasi.


MLB Fan Cave

The MLB Fan Cave was a building on 4th Street and Broadway in New York, designed by Paul DiMeo, where baseball fans, selected by Major League Baseball as part of its Dreamjob program, were tasked with watching every baseball game in the entire year. According to Major League Baseball, The MLB Fan Cave grew out of our desire to address three specific areas in which we saw opportunity for growth: engaging with fans via social media, both at the league level and through players; reaching younger fans and converting casual baseball fans into more avid followers; and raising the profile of our players by showcasing their off-field personalities The "cave dwellers" fans selected to live in the Fan Cave were responsible for recording their experiences through social media, blogs, and videos all online, as well as hosting concerts, fan events, and celebrity guests. It was located in the space formerly occupied by Tower Records’ famed Greenwich Village location.


MLB Industry Growth Fund

MLB Industry Growth Fund is a pool of money collected by Major League Baseball. The purpose of the Industry Growth Fund is, essentially, to promote Major League Baseball. Specifically, there are three goals; to enhance fan interest in the game, to increase baseballs popularity, and to ensure industry growth into the 21st century. It was created as part of the Major League Baseball Collective Bargaining Agreement in 1997. The IGF is managed by a seven-member board of directors. The board of directors meets in person at least three times per year. Funding for the IGF comes, primarily, from the MLB Competitive Balance Tax. Additional funds may also come from the Major League Baseball Players Association MLBPA or the individual baseball clubs.


Major League Baseball schedule

The Major League Baseball season schedule consists of 162 games for each of the 30 teams in the American League and National League, played over approximately six months - a total of 2.430 games, plus the postseason. The regular season runs from late March/early April to late September/early October, followed by the postseason which can run to early November. The season begins with the official Opening Day, and, as of 2018, runs 26½ weeks through the last Sunday of September or first Sunday of October. One or more International Opener games may be scheduled outside the United States before the official Opening Day. It is possible for a given team to play a maximum of 20 games in the postseason in a given year, provided the team is a wild card and advances to each of the Division Series, Championship Series, and World Series with each series going the distance. The regular season is constructed from series. Due to travel concerns and the sheer number of games, pairs of teams are never scheduled to play single games against each other ; instead they play games on several consecutive days in the same ballpark. Most often the series are of three or four games, but two-game series are also scheduled. Teams play one mid-week series and one weekend series per week. Depending on the length of the series, mid-week series games are usually scheduled between Monday and Thursday, while weekend games are scheduled between Thursday and Monday. Beginning in 2018, teams start and end their season on a weekend for a total of 26½ weeks. Due to the mid-week all-star break in July, teams are scheduled to play 27 weekend series and 25 mid-week series for a total of 52 series. A teams road games are usually grouped into a multi-series road trip; home series are grouped into homestands. Note that rainouts and other cancellations are often rescheduled ad hoc during the season, sometimes as doubleheaders. However, if two teams are scheduled to meet for the final time in the last two weeks of the season, and the game is cancelled, it may not be rescheduled if there is no impact on the divisional or wild card races. For example, in 2016, the September 29 game between the Cleveland Indians and Detroit Tigers was cancelled due to rain because the teams were unable to reschedule a make-up date before the end of the season on October 2, and it did not affect the divisional race. In contrast, a 2008 AL Central division game between Detroit and the Chicago White Sox needed to be made up following the last day of the regular season because it affected a division race involving the White Sox and the Minnesota Twins.


The Echoing Green (book)

The Echoing Green: The Untold Story of Bobby Thomson, Ralph Branca and the Shot Heard Round the World is a nonfiction book written by Joshua Prager and originally published by Pantheon Books in 2006. The book centers on the 1951 Giants scheme to read opposing catchers finger signals relayed from catcher to pitcher with a telescope in the center-field clubhouse during the latter part of the 1951 MLB season. This led to baseballs famous Shot Heard Round the World, when Bobby Thomson hit a three-run homer in the bottom of the ninth inning against Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca, resulting in winning the three game playoff series and the National League pennant, with a 5-4 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers. "Its been described as the greatest baseball game ever played, and you dont have to be a baseball fan to mark the anniversary." The book expands on an article that Prager wrote in 2001 for the Wall Street Journal

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