The BMW M3 is a high-performance version of the BMW 3 Series, developed by BMWs in-house motorsport division, BMW M GmbH. M3 models have been produced for every generation of 3 Series since the E30 M3 was introduced in 1986. The initial model was available in a coupe body style, with a convertible body style added soon after. M3 sedans were available during the E36 1994–1999 and E90 2008–2012 generations. Since 2015 the M3 has been solely produced in the sedan body style, due to the coupe and convertible models being rebranded as the 4 Series range, making the high-performance variant the M4. Upgrades over the regular 3 Series models include engines, handling, brakes, aerodynamics, lightweight materials and various interior upgrades.
The BMW M6 is a high-performance version of the 6 Series marketed under the BMW M sub-brand from 1983–2018. Introduced in the coupe body style, the M6 was also built in convertible and fastback sedan body styles for later generations. A M6 model was built for every subsequent generation of the 6 Series, with the exclusion of the G32 generation. Production of the M6 ended in 2018 and it was replaced by the BMW M8 F91/F92/F93 in 2019.
The BMW M60 is a naturally aspirated V8 petrol engine which was produced from 1992 to 1996. It was BMWs first V8 engine in over 25 years. The M60 was replaced by the BMW M62 engine.
The BMW M1 is a mid-engined sports car produced by German automotive manufacturer BMW from 1978 to 1981. In the late 1970s, Italian automobile manufacturer Lamborghini entered into an agreement with BMW to build a production racing car in sufficient quantity for homologation, but conflicts arose that prompted BMW to produce the car themselves. The resulting car was sold to the public, from 1978 to 1981, as the BMW M1. It is the first mid-engine BMW automobile to be mass-produced; the second is the i8 hybrid sports car.
The BMW M5 is a high performance variant of the BMW 5 Series marketed under the BMW M sub-brand. It is considered an iconic vehicle in the sports sedan category. The majority of M5s have been produced in the sedan body style, but in some countries the M5 was also available as a wagon from 1992–1995 and 2006–2010. The first M5 model was hand-built in 1985 on the E28 535i chassis with a modified engine from the M1 that made it the fastest production sedan at the time. M5 models have been produced for every generation of the 5 Series since 1985.
The BMW M50 is a straight-6 DOHC petrol engine which was produced from 1990 to 1996. It was released in the E34 520i and 525i, to replace the M20 engine. In September 1992, the M50 was upgraded to the M50TU "technical update", which was BMWs first engine to use variable valve timing. Called single VANOS by BMW, the system adjusted the phasing of the intake camshaft. The M50 began to be phased out following the introduction of the M52 engine in 1994. The E36 M3 is powered by the S50 engine series, which is a high output version of the M50.
BMW M GmbH, formerly known as BMW Motorsport GmbH, is a high-performance division of BMW AG that manufactures high-performance cars.
BMW M "M" for "motorsport" was initially created to facilitate BMW’s racing program, which was very successful in the 1960s and 1970s. As time passed, BMW M began to supplement BMWs vehicle portfolio with specially modified higher trim models, for which they are now most known by the general public. These M-badged cars traditionally include modified engines, transmissions, suspensions, interior trims, aerodynamics, and exterior modifications to set them apart from their counterparts. All M models are tested and tuned at BMWs private facility at the Nurburgring racing circuit in Germany.
BMW M also provides M packages for the BMW S1000RR motorcycle.
1.1. History Origins
Established in May 1972 with 35 employees, it grew to 400 employees by 1988, and is currently an integral part of BMWs market presence. The first racing project was BMW’s 3.0 CSL.
After the success of BMW M products like BMW 3.0 CSL in racing venues and the growing market for high performance sports cars, M introduced cars for sale to the public. The first official M-badged car for sale to the public was the M1, revealed at the Paris Motor Show in 1978. The M1, however, was more of a racecar in domestic trim than an everyday driver. The direction of the M cars changed with the 1979 release of the M535i, which was a high performance version of BMW’s popular 5 Series mid-size sedan.
In 1993 BMW Motorsport GmbH changed their name to BMW M GmbH.
BMW Motorsport GmbH supplied the 6.1 litre V12 DOHC 48 valve engine that powers the McLaren F1, which, like its engine supplier and manufacturer, has enjoyed plenty of racing success, famously winning the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1995, the first year of competition for the GTR racing variant.
1.2. History Recent history
At present, BMW M has offered modified versions of nearly every BMW nameplate, except for the Z1, 7 Series flagship luxury sedan and the X1 compact crossover SUVs. There is no BMW M version of the 7 Series, as BMW did not want its flagship saloon to be powered by a high-revving engine, and as the recent top-performing versions usually the BMW 760Li have V12 engines which while powerful are considered too heavy for a sporty offshoot. So far the unofficial "BMW M7" is the Alpina B7, which is produced on BMWs assembly line though its engine and finishing touches are done by auto tuner Alpina. However, as BMW M shifted to turbocharged engines, there are rumors that there is an in-house BMW M7 in the works, and it is speculated that its performance may exceed that of the BMW 760Li and Alpina B7.
The BMW X5 and X6 sport activity vehicles received M derivatives for the 2010 model year onwards. These are the first M vehicles with xDrive four-wheel drive and automatic transmissions, and also the first M-badged SUV models. However, the E70 and E71 X5 and X6 M were actually developed by BMW Group rather than by BMW M.
Although these are considered the most well known in-house tuning divisions, BMW M has a considerably different philosophy than Mercedes-AMG. BMW M has emphasized tuning only vehicles with "Lateral agility", while AMG has created high-performance versions of many of its nameplates, including flagship sedans and SUVs. Accordingly, "an M car has to be responsive and fundamentally keen on turning as well as accelerating. The M5s technical spec is all about connecting the driver to a car that reacts blindingly fast, whatever request the driver hands down." Until the 2010 model year, BMW M has also never used supercharging or turbocharging, unlike Mercedes-AMG or Audi; for instance the E39 and E60 iterations of the BMW M5 using naturally-aspirated engines competed against the Mercedes-Benz E55 AMG with a supercharged V8 and the Audi RS6 twin-turbo.
BMW M vehicles typically used manuals and semi-automatic transmissions the most recent type being a dual clutch transmission, in contrast to Mercedes-AMG which largely has automatic transmissions. However, the North American market E36 M3s in sedan and convertible form were the first M-vehicles offered with a traditional torque-converter automatic transmission.
BMW M engines were traditionally large displacement naturally aspirated high revving engines, particularly the S85 V10 in the E60 M5 and E63 M6 and the related S65 V8 in the E90 M3. These are the most powerful engines BMW has ever built not including the BMW S70/2 without supercharging or turbocharging, with an output of 100 hp per liter of displacement, and each has won numerous International Engine of the Year Awards. As late as the early 2000s, BMW regarded forced-induction supercharging or turbocharging as low-tech shortcuts to boosting horsepower, stating that this adds weight and complexity while reducing throttle response. BMW purists have noted that while forced induction and/or large displacement does produce more torque for better day-to-day driving, most of them like the "character" and sound of low displacement naturally aspirated engines with high redlines.
However, the late 2000s international regulations trends on reducing CO2 emissions and fuel consumption are cited as the reasons not to continue further development on naturally aspirated high redline engines. The N54 twin-turbo inline-6 which debuted in the 2007 BMW 335i E90 gives almost equivalent performance to the E46 and E90 iterations of the BMW M3, while being much more practical and fuel-efficient as a daily driver. Starting with the X5 M and X6 M, and featured in the F10 M5, BMW used the twin-turbocharged S63 which not only produces more horsepower and torque, but is also more efficient than the S85 V10. Also unlike the S85 and S65 which do not share a design with non-M BMW engines, the S63 has significant parts commonality with the base N63 V8 engine which is also has twin turbochargers making them less expensive to build. At the present 2012, BMW has not considered supercharging yet.
As of the 2013 model year, the BMW M3 E92/E93 is the only "traditional" M car left, as the rest of the M lineup features turbocharged engines, and the next iteration of the M3 F80 and M4 F82/F83 features a twin turbo straight-6 engine.
2. M-Cars vs. M-badged cars
Apart from the pinnacle M versions of each model, BMW Motorsport also offers" M Sport” M Tech / M Paket in German accessories upgrades to cars in its lineup. This single purchase option, which is superior to the standards Sports Package, includes a more sporty suspension, sports steering wheel and gearshift, fully adjustable sport seats, sports wheels and a sports aerodynamic package. Cars with the" M Sport” option, while not being the pinnacle M model of each series are considerably more sporty than the stock model.
Vehicles with the" M Sport” upgrade feature smaller "M" badges on the wheels, front fenders, steering wheel, gearshift and door sills, whilst fully fledged M cars have larger "M" badges on the grille and/or trunk, wheels, steering wheel, gearshift and door sills with the model number e.g., "M4" or "M5". Two exceptions are the M Roadster and M Coupe models, both Z3, Z4 and 1 Series variants, which only have an "M" badge with no number displayed on the trunk. These cars are however, fully fledged M cars.
BMW has offered these M Sport options on their standard vehicles since the late 1970s which explains why these vehicles carry M badges straight from the factory. In comparison, vehicle maker Audi also employs this same type of nomenclature. There are fully fledged S models S4, S5, S6, S7 and TTS, as well as an optional S-line package that can be equipped to their standard vehicle lineup.
An example of M-badged vehicles in recent times include the E60 BMW 550i and E63 BMW 650i. The standard BMW 5 Series and 6 Series only had a choice of either a manual or automatic transmission, but the M Sport package had an optional Sequential Sport Gearbox SSG a gearbox similar to M5 and M6 SMG until after the 2007 model year.
3. M Performance models
Recently 2012 BMW has introduced a new category for M cars, which was branded as the M Performance. They are the first M diesel cars that BMW produces.
To date this includes the M550d in touring and saloon variants, the X6 M50d and X5 M50d which all share a 381 bhp 740NM triple turbo diesel engine, the former pair are only LHD drive markets currently due to the xDrive layout in the F10 series not being compatible with RHD markets a RWD F10 M550d was mentioned by Auto Express but has not been confirmed. Official figures put the M550d xDrive’s 0-to-62-mph time at 4.7 seconds and top speed at 155mph limited.The first petrol M Performance car is the M135i which is a 320 bhp 1 series car. M135i is available with rear- or all-wheel drive.
The M550d is available in both sedan and touring chassis, with a ZF 8HP eight-speed sport automatic transmission including auto start/stop function. Manual and non-sport automatic gearboxes are not available. Unique features on the M550d are the twin trapezoidal exhausts in dark chrome and both wing mirrors and air-intake bars in ferric grey. Other 5 series models have wing mirrors in the same colour as the rest of the vehicle. The front fog lamps, standard on all other F10/F11 5 series models are removed, to make space for additional air-intakes. The door-sill plates are also unique on this vehicle, having a "M550d" inscription. In addition, the F11 Touring model features air suspension on the rear axle, with automatic self-levelling.
Nothing yet has been announced as regards the F30 3 Series M Performance line up but BMW have trademarked amongst many other monikers M335, M340 and M350. Further to this M President Friedrich Nitschke has confirmed that the new triple turbo diesel engine will "easily fit" within the F30 engine bay but did not elaborate any further.
3.1. M Performance models Nomenclature exceptions
- The Z3/Z4-based M Roadster and M Coupe bore numberless "M" badges as standard fitment.
- The 2010 X5 and X6-based M vehicles bore their normal model designations followed by the "M" stripe badge the X5 M and X6 M. Had the nomenclatures followed tradition, the vehicles would have an MX5 and MX6 model designation, already used by Mazda.
- The BMW 1 Series-based M vehicle is called the BMW 1 Series M Coupe to avoid confusion with the original BMW M1.
- The M635CSi followed the M535i naming tradition but was a fully fledged M-Car the M6.
4.1. Lineup Current Full M cars
- M4 - F82 Coupe, F83 Cabriolet 2014 to present
- X6 M - F96 2020 to present
- M8 - F92 Coupe, F91 Convertible, F93 Gran Coupe 2019 to present
- M2 - F87 Coupe 2016 to present
- X4 M - F98 2019 to present
- M5 - F90 Sedan 2018 to present
- X5 M - F95 2020 to present
- X3 M - F97 2019 to present
4.2. Lineup Current M Performance models
- X3 M40i and X3 M40d - G01 2018 to present
- M760Li xDrive - G12 sedan 2017 to present
- M340i xDrive - G20 sedan and G21 wagon2019 to present
- M240i and M240i xDrive - F22 coupe and F23 convertible 2016 to present
- X7 M50i and X7 M50d - G07 2019 to present
- M850i xDrive - G14 convertible, G15 coupe and G16 four-door coupe 2019 to present
- X2 M35i - F39 2019 to present
- X4 M40i and X4 M40d - G02 2018 to present
- Z4 M40i - G29 2019 to present
- X5 M50i and X5 M50d - G05 2019 to present
- M135i xDrive – F40 five-door hatchback 2019 to present
- X6 M50i and X6 M50d - G06 2019 to present
- M550i xDrive and M550d xDrive - G30 sedan and G31 wagon 2017 to present
4.3. Lineup M badged cars
All these cars are true BMW Motorsport models, not M-line sport models that bear BMW Motorsport features such as sport body kits, and interior specs.
- E12 M535i 1979–1981 - Often considered the first mass production vehicle built by BMW Motorsport
- E31 850CSi 1992–1996 - An M car in all but name; it had a BMW M–sourced engine and its VIN indicated that it was developed by BMW Motorsport, like all other M cars.
4.4. Lineup M engined cars
In the late 80s, due to prohibitive taxes for cars above 2.0 liters of engine displacement in Italy and Portugal, BMW decided to build the E30 320is as an alternative to the 2.3 liter M3. This car was equipped with a shorter stroke S14 engine and produced 192 PS. BMW produced a total of 3648 units between 9/1987 and 11/1990 of which a majority of 2542 units were made available in two door form code name AK95. No catalytic converters were installed on this limited version. The steering rack, springs, shock absorbers, and brakes were similar to the normal E30 6 cylinder models i.e. 325i with sports suspension. The engine was mated to a Getrag 265 five-speed gearbox in dog-leg configuration.
Audis RS models, Mercedes-Benzs AMG models, and more recently Lexus F models, are often reviewed in direct competition to a similarly-sized BMW M car, such as the Lexus IS-F vs. Audi RS4 vs. Mercedes C63 AMG vs. BMW M3.
In contrast to aftermarket tuners, Alpina BMW-based automobiles are currently mostly built by BMW on its production lines and are more comfort-oriented. Alpina is recognized as an automobile manufacturer and works very closely with BMW, sometimes participating in the development of BMW models and engines. Some Alpina models are even sold in North-America by BMW and either compete with the BMW M6 Gran Coupe, in the case of the Alpina B6 Gran Coupe, or replace them, in the case of the Alpina B7 as there is no M7 variant of the 7 Series to compete with the model.
BMW M also faces competition from several independent companies offering their own performance versions of BMW models; some performance packs can be retrofitted to existing cars while others are applied to new cars bought directly from BMW AG and converted prior to first registration. Such companies include Hamann Motorsport, Dinan Cars, G-Power, AC Schnitzer and Hartge.
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