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Relocation of professional sports teams

Relocation of professional sports teams occurs when a team owner moves a team, generally from one metropolitan area to another, but occasionally between municipalities in the same conurbation. The practice is most common in North America, where a league franchise system is used and the teams are overwhelmingly privately owned. Owners who move a team generally do so seeking better profits, facilities, fan support, or a combination of these.

                                               

Airdrieonians F.C.

Airdrieonians Football Club are a Scottish professional football team in Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, who are members of the Scottish Professional Football League and play in Scottish League One. They were formed in 2002 as Airdrie United Football Club following the liquidation of the original Airdrieonians club, formed in 1878. The clubs official name was changed in 2013 with the approval of the Scottish Football Association to the traditional name of Airdrieonians. As with the previous club, this is often colloquially shortened to simply "Airdrie". The club have won two trophies in their short history – the Scottish Second Division in 2003–04 and the Challenge Cup in 2008–09. Once described as "the luckiest team in the Scottish League", the club have benefited in league division placements due to other clubs misfortunes on three occasions 2008, 2009 and 2012.

                                               

Clyde F.C.

Clyde Football Club are a Scottish semi-professional football club based in Cumbernauld, North Lanarkshire who play in Scottish League One. Formed in 1877 at the River Clyde in Glasgow, since 1994 the team have played their home games at Broadwood Stadium. Their biggest accomplishment was winning the Scottish Cup on three occasions: 1939, 1955 and 1958; they reached the final a further three times, all during a long period based at Shawfield. They have not played in the top division of Scottish football since 1975.

                                               

Clydebank F.C.

Clydebank Football Club is a Scottish junior football club based in the town of Clydebank, West Dunbartonshire. The current club, formed in 2003, is a member of the West Region Premiership. The town has been represented by several previous incarnations in both senior and junior football. The current club can directly trace their development from Clydebank Juniors F.C., who were founded in 1899. After a short-lived merger with senior club East Stirlingshire during season 1964–65, they were reformed as a senior club in their own right in 1965 and went on to be members of the Scottish Football League from 1966 until 2002. Following chronic financial difficulties, the club were bought out by Airdrie United and relocated to play in Airdrie under the new identity. A year later, supporters of the former version of the club re-established its identity once more, at junior level. The 1965–2002 incarnation of Clydebank F.C. were the third club of that name to represent the town in senior football. The first club was formed in 1888 but never competed at a high level. Of more significance was the second Clydebank F.C., formed in 1914 and a Scottish Football League member from then until 1931. Although these clubs are not directly connected to the present entity in a business sense, they are discussed here, given their shared name and their relevance to the development of the towns footballing history and its community.

                                               

Decentralization policy in K League

The decentralization policy in the K League was an effort by the Korea Professional Football League and South Korean Government in 1995 in order to spread football popularity in the provinces by compulsory relocating top division professional football clubs away from Seoul. Partially motivated by its bid for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, the league succeeded in its policy as the Yukong Elephants, Ilhwa Chunma, and the LG Cheetahs moved to Bucheon, Cheonan, and Anyang respectively in 1996.

                                               

Glasgow Tigers (speedway)

The Glasgow Tigers are a motorcycle speedway team from Glasgow, Scotland. Formed in 1928, the club adopted the Tigers nickname in 1946 and compete in the British SGB Championship. The team race at Saracen Park, the home of Ashfield F.C., and celebrated their 70th anniversary in 2016.

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