ⓘ Blog | Professional studies - academic disciplines ..



A profession is an occupation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain. The term is a truncation of the term "liberal profession", which is, in turn, an Anglicization of the French term "profession liberale". Originally borrowed by English users in the 19th century, it has been re-borrowed by international users from the late 20th, though the class overtones of the term do not seem to survive retranslation: "liberal professions" are, according to the European Unions Directive on Recognition of Professional Qualifications, "those practiced on the basis of relevant professional qualifications in a personal, responsible and professionally independent capacity by those providing intellectual and conceptual services in the interest of the client and the public". It has been said that a profession is not a trade and not an industry. Medieval and early modern tradition recognized only three professions: divinity, medicine, and law – the so-called "learned professions". Major milestones which may mark an occupation being identified as a profession include: the establishment of state licensing laws the establishment of a training school the establishment of a university school the establishment of a national association of professional ethics the establishment of a local association an occupation becomes a full-time occupation Applying these milestones to the historical sequence of development in the United States shows surveying achieving professional status first, followed by medicine, actuarial science, law, dentistry, civil engineering, logistics, architecture and accounting. With the rise of technology and occupational specialization in the 19th century, other bodies began to claim professional status: mechanical engineering, pharmacy, veterinary medicine, psychology, nursing, teaching, librarianship, optometry and social work, each of which could claim, using these milestones, to have become professions by 1900. Just as some professions rise in status and power through various stages, others may decline. Disciplines formalized more recently, such as architecture, now have equally long periods of study associated with them. Although professions may enjoy relatively high status and public prestige, not all professionals earn high salaries, and even within specific professions there exist significant inequalities of compensation; in law, for example, a corporate/insurance defense lawyer working on a billable-hour basis may earn several times what a prosecutor or public defender earns.


The curse of expertise

The curse of expertise is a psychological concept where the intervention of experts may be counterproductive for learners acquiring new skills. This is important because the predictions of experts can influence educational equity and training as well as the personal development of young people, not to mention the allocation of time and resources to scientific research and crucial design decisions.


Customer value maximization

Customer value maximization is a real-time service model that, proponents say, goes beyond basic customer relationship management capabilities, identifying and capturing maximum potential from prospects and existing customers.


Guess the Correlation

Released in 2016, Guess the Correlation is a minimalistic browser-based game with a purpose developed by Omar Wagih at the European Bioinformatics Institute. The game was developed to study human perception in scatter plots. Players are presented with a stream of scatter plots depicting the relationship between two random variables and are asked to guess how positively correlated they are. Guesses closer to the real correlation, are rewarded more points. The game features both single and two-player modes and has a retro 8-bit design and sound effects. Collected guesses are used to better understand how humans perceive correlations in scatter plots by identifying features within scatter plots, such as outliers, that cause players to over or under estimate the true correlation. By 1 February 2016, over 2 million guesses had been collected from 100.000 participants.


Professional studies

"Professional studies" is a term used to classify academic programs which are applied or interdisciplinary in focus. The term can also be used for non-academic training for a specific profession. Professional studies usually combine theory and practice-based professional learning, focusing on a body of knowledge that is more strictly delineated and canonical than non-professional studies. Students are trained to ensure expected standards and adequate service delivery in the best practice of a profession. Professional studies may lead to academic degrees such as the Bachelor of Professional Studies BPS, Master of Professional Studies MPS, or Doctor of Professional Studies DPS. A BPS is similar to a Bachelor of General Studies with a greater emphasis on practical and technical training and a corresponding lower emphasis on liberal arts, and therefore of greater interest to mid-career students. MPS degrees are usually course-based with a report or project component rather than a research thesis. The US National Science Foundation considers a DPS to be equivalent to a PhD.

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